Smooth Fox Terrier

  • Overview

    Although Smooth Fox Terriers are no longer a common breed outside of the show ring or the hunting field, they are notable because so many other terriers claim them as an ancestor. Because so many terriers are descended from this little dog, they display many of the traits that have come to be prized in champion terriers today.

    With some consistent, firm training, Smooth Fox Terriers make intelligent, amusing companions who eagerly obey commands. They are best suited to active homes with owners who have some experience training crafty, exuberant dogs.

  • Personality

    Smooth Fox Terriers are alert, lively dogs who constantly give the appearance of being ready for activity. They love to play and learn new tricks, but they can be willful. It's best to teach your Smooth Fox Terrier to obey from a young age. Get them accustomed to learning commands and receiving praise for good behavior, because they enjoy following a consistent set of firm rules that they can memorize as puppies. These active little dogs will love the opportunity to exercise, but it's best to let them run in a fenced-in yard and keep them on a leash while walking. They have a tendency to be aggressive around other dogs. They are strong and secure, which means they don't always understand that they are small. Smooth Fox Terriers have no qualms about challenging larger dogs to show how tough they can be, but don't encourage this negative behavior. Once they bond to their owners, they become very loyal, which makes them receptive to their owner's voices and commands.

    Fox Terriers were bred to "bolt" after foxes, driving them from their holes with incessant barking and pestering. As a result, these dogs can be noisy. They should be trained to learn when it is appropriate to sound the alarm and when it's best to stay quiet.

  • Coat Care

    Smooth Fox Terriers have short white coats with tannish brown or black markings. Their coats should be hard and smooth to the touch. The coat covers the whole body equally, with some longer hairs on the backs of the legs and neck. Smooth Fox Terriers have small v-shaped drop ears that do not hang down past their jaws.

Brushing

Unlike Wire Fox Terriers, Smooth Fox Terriers do shed. They need to be rubbed down or brushed with a rubber brush about once a week to remove dead hairs. The prickly, wiry hairs stick to the dog's coat and consequently, stick to furniture, clothing and carpeting. Removing dead hairs through brushing will help control the possible mess.

Bathing

With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.

Smooth coated breeds adhere to the general rule of dog bathing: about once every three months. The coat should end up fresh smelling, shiny, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry. Wipe wrinkled breeds with a soft cloth and make sure they are totally dry after bathing.

Hair Clipping

Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.

Dogs with smooth coats generally only require trims and tidying up in areas of excessive hair growth using a trimmer or blunt scissors. It's always wise to take a dog for a short walk or exercise to calm them down before trimming. Remember to brush the coat first to remove any tangles and mats. Don't forget to trim around the paws, pads, tail, chest and sanitary areas, as needed. The coat should lay flat and smooth against the body when finished.

Nails

Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.

Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience.  As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.

You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.

Eyes / Ears

Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.

It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Some smooth-coated dogs, like Basenjis and Boxers, and dogs with large ears, like Weimaraners and Great Danes, have sensitive ears that should be checked  weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. If you have a small dog, like an Italian Greyhound, take special care to  clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes to make sure they are comfortable. Dogs with facial wrinkles, like French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers, should have their faces wiped down at least weekly to prevent infection.

Teeth

Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.

Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.