These gigantic mountain dogs were reportedly bred as a symbolic mascot for the German city of Leonberg, whose flag featured a much less life-like lion. The Leonberger was created to serve as a living ambassador for his hometown.
Leonbergers are majestic family companions who respond best to kind, gentle commands. They are not flustered by their surroundings and hope to please their owners with their calm behavior. Their beautifully colored coats are messy and require frequent brushing, so they are best suited to families who do not expect a constantly clean home.
When well trained, Leonbergers should be calm with a stable temperament that is not affected by environmental changes or noise. They should not be aggressive or overly responsive to outside influence. Leonbergers are sweet, robust dogs who are loyal to their families and attentive to their commands.
Leonbergers are generally fond of children and enjoy feeling like part of the family. They are intelligent dogs who want to work for their owners, so training is not difficult. These energetic dogs can stay in shape with long walks or games in the yard, but because of their large size, they are not great runners. Male Leonbergers weigh between 130 and 150 pounds and are often much bigger than females, who only weigh about 115 pounds. Females are more graceful than males, and their appearance is more elegant. Males should have a strong, masculine appearance that makes them look much larger and sturdier than their female counterparts.
If you are looking for a large dog who will not drool, the Leonberger is for you. The hair around their legs and face is short and fine. Their entire coat is water resistant, but the softer hair around their face and legs is not as harsh to the touch as their body hair. The male's coat develops into a lion-like mane around the neck as they mature. Leonbergers have bushy tails and the feathering on their ears and the backs of their legs. Leonbergers' friendly expressions are framed by their black muzzles. The hair around the mask should always be black, but the body hair can be any shade of red-brown, gold or sandy. Black and tan or entirely black or tan dogs and dogs with excessive lighter colorings are considered poorly bred. Their coat can be kept natural because it helps them cultivate their natural, rustic appearance.
Leonbergers molt twice a year and shed consistently throughout. Their long hair will need to be brushed at least once a week to reduce the mess from shedding and prevent dead hair from getting caught in the coat. Their coat is long and somewhat unruly, so they will also benefit from being brushed after long walks and romps outdoors.
With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.
Heavy coated dogs should be bathed about once every three months. Their coats are naturally oily and repellent, so they don't tend to develop an odor, but if they track their coat through the mud, they may need to be bathed more frequently. The coat should end up fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry. Their heavy coat should be fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair.
Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.
Dogs with heavy coats generally require routine trimming around the face, ears, feet and behind to help them stay comfortable. You do not need to clip or trim the body hair because it acts as insulation for your dog in cold weather and helps cool him off in warm weather. It’s a good idea to take your dog for a short walk to calm him down before you groom him. Thoroughly brush the coat to remove any tangles and mats. Use trimmers to trim excess fur off the dog's body, choosing the appropriate clip attachment to achieve desired length. Trim around the tail, paws, sanitary areas and chest, if needed. Groom the head and face last, being watchful for sudden movement. Trim with the flow of the fur, away from the eyes and nose.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Eyes / Ears
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Small dogs, like Pomeranians, and dogs with extremely profuse coats, like Newfoundlands, American Eskimo Dogs and Keeshonds, have ears that need to be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. Small dogs like Pomeranians and Pekingese, and dogs with white coats like American Eskimo Dogs and Samoyeds, are prone to developing tear stains around their eyes, so clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.