The Kuvasz is an all white dog from Hungary with an instinctive sense of danger. These large, alert dogs stand up to 30 inches tall and can weigh between 75 and 120 pounds. They love to become loyal companions and will be happiest watching over their family. Kuvaszok are happiest in homes with experienced owners who can respond to their independent, protective natures and train them to be the loving, thoughtful dogs they can be.
The Kuvasz was raised as a livestock guard, so as pets, they focus their protective, watchful instincts on observing their family. They are dedicated dogs who form a strong bond with their owners and can be particularly protective of the owner's children, whom they see as a mini flock. They are reserved and polite around strangers in order to determine if they are friendly. Even though they are not usually aggressive, especially with proper socialization, they are not the kind of dog who will enthusiastically greet strangers. They are steadfast in their loyalty to their owners and as a result, they won't let anyone else replace them as the apple of their eye.
These are large, independent dogs who expect to be respected. Experienced and thoughtful trainers will be able to convince their Kuvasz that obedience and responsiveness are in the best interest of both the master and the dog. They are incredibly sensitive to praise and blame because they bond so closely to their owners and expect to make them proud. Kuvaszok are working dogs who most enjoy having a purpose. They need plenty of exercise and will appreciate the opportunity to watch over their family while spending time together outdoors.
Kuvaszok have abundant white coats of medium length with either straight or wavy hair. The hair can develop a slight wave in warmer climates. The double coat consists of a soft and fine insulating under coat and coarse guard hair as an outer coat. During hot weather, Kuvaszok can lose quite a bit of their under coat to stay cool. They shed profusely with the changing of seasons.
The Kuvasz's hair has a tendency to mat and tangle. Brush through these dogs' abundant coat with a metal rake comb and a slicker brush to prevent mats and tangles. If the hair does become matted, use the large-toothed comb and a detangling spray to work the mats out gently with your fingers. Some experts suggest using talcum powder or corn starch to strengthen and freshen the coat before brushing.
With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.
Heavy coated dogs should be bathed about once every three months. Their coats are naturally oily and repellent, so they don't tend to develop an odor, but if they track their coat through the mud, they may need to be bathed more frequently. The coat should end up fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry. Their heavy coat should be fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair.
Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.
Dogs with heavy coats generally require routine trimming around the face, ears, feet and behind to help them stay comfortable. You do not need to clip or trim the body hair because it acts as insulation for your dog in cold weather and helps cool him off in warm weather. It’s a good idea to take your dog for a short walk to calm him down before you groom him. Thoroughly brush the coat to remove any tangles and mats. Use trimmers to trim excess fur off the dog's body, choosing the appropriate clip attachment to achieve desired length. Trim around the tail, paws, sanitary areas and chest, if needed. Groom the head and face last, being watchful for sudden movement. Trim with the flow of the fur, away from the eyes and nose.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Small dogs, like Pomeranians, and dogs with extremely profuse coats, like Newfoundlands, American Eskimo Dogs and Keeshonds, have ears that need to be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. Small dogs like Pomeranians and Pekingese, and dogs with white coats like American Eskimo Dogs and Samoyeds, are prone to developing tear stains around their eyes, so clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.