• Overview

    Hot dogs were once known as “Dachshund Sausages” because they so adequately reflect these little dogs’ shapes. Dachshunds make charming companions, especially for apartment-dwellers and families without young children. They are humorous in their serious carriage and tenacious response to challenges.

    Dachshunds are available in two sizes. Miniature Dachshunds do not stand taller than 9 inches or weigh more than 11 or 12 pounds. “Standard” sized Dachshunds can weigh up to 30 pounds, but care should be taken to make sure that Dachshunds do not overeat, because their little legs will struggle to support their girth.

    View Grooming Diagram for dachshund (wire-haired)
  • Personality

    Dachshunds are powerfully built, and they were built to do a job. Their short, stout, elongated bodies make them perfectly shaped to tunnel out badgers. Their sensitive noses and strong webbed paws help them target their prey and dig exceedingly quickly. Don’t be surprised to find that your pet Dachshund has demolished your entire garden in a matter of minutes. These little hounds are almost hilariously unaware of their size. They are courageous, determined hunters who will humorously refuse to back down from barking at larger dogs or snapping at bothersome children. Still, they do not like to be teased, nor do they like to compete for attention, do Dachshunds often socialize best with dogs they’ve know for a while and are most comfortable living in homes without children.

    Their comical attitude and their strong desire to stay in tune with their owners make them incredibly entertaining companions. Dachshunds love to amuse their owners and hate being left out of any activity. They are known to follow their owners about the house, looking for fun and quizzically examining all of their owner’s actions. They are clever, but they can be stubborn, so they must be trained positively and consistently.

  • Coat Care

    As you are choosing a new Dachshund puppy, you will have three different coat choices to consider. Other than their varying grooming needs, there is little difference between Dachshunds with different coats. Longhaired Dachshunds have a reputation as being easiest to train and more easygoing than other Dachshunds, while Wire haired Dachshunds are known as being slightly more high-strung. Dachshunds come with smooth, wire and longhaired coats.

    Smooth Dachshunds have short, shiny coats in solid red or cream, or in two different shades of black, deep brown, grizzle, gray and fawn. Dappled Dachshunds with a merle pattern of light and dark colored areas, sable-colored Dachshunds and brindled Dachshunds are rare.

    Wirehaired Dachshunds have a short, thick outer coat that is hard to the touch, similar to a terrier’s. They have distinct facial furnishings that resemble a beard, mustache and eyebrows. This hair is soft and dense, like the under coat. These dogs are mostly a wild boar color.
    Longhaired Dachshunds have a beautiful wavy coat in similar shades as the smooth Dachshund’s coat.

    Differently-coated Dachshunds have vastly different grooming requirements. Smooth Dachshunds need little more than a rub down with a wet towel and a rubber grooming mitt occasionally to stay clean and tidy. Wire haired Dachshunds have much more demanding coats that need to be hand plucked or stripped at least two or three times a year. Their facial furnishings are combed once a week with a small pin brush or metal comb. These Dachshunds will also appreciate the occasional trim around the furnishings and between the toes to stay comfortable and clean. Clipping the coat will ruin its texture.

    Longhaired Dachshunds need to be carefully brushed from the body to the end of the coat at least once a week. They will also appreciate a quick trim around the foot pads and ears to help them stay tidy. These dogs’ long drop ears are prone to infection, so take care to clean the ears and trim the hair around them as necessary.

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This grooming information is for a Dachshund with a smooth coat.  If your dog has a wire coat or a long hair coat, go back to the “Care For My Dog” selector and (1) choose Dachshund from the breed pull-down menu and then (2) choose the appropriate coat from the “Coat Type” menu.

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This grooming information is for a Dachshund with a smooth coat.  If your dog has a wire coat or a long hair coat, go back to the “Care For My Dog” selector and (1) choose Dachshund from the breed pull-down menu and then (2) choose the appropriate coat from the “Coat Type” menu.

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Hair Clipping

This grooming information is for a Dachshund with a smooth coat.  If your dog has a wire coat or a long hair coat, go back to the “Care For My Dog” selector and (1) choose Dachshund from the breed pull-down menu and then (2) choose the appropriate coat from the “Coat Type” menu.

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Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.

Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience.  As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.

You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.

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Eyes / Ears

Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.

It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Some smooth-coated dogs, like Basenjis and Boxers, and dogs with large ears, like Weimaraners and Great Danes, have sensitive ears that should be checked  weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. If you have a small dog, like an Italian Greyhound, take special care to  clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes to make sure they are comfortable. Dogs with facial wrinkles, like French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers, should have their faces wiped down at least weekly to prevent infection.

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Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.

Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.