Chow Chows are coveted dogs because they resemble big puffy teddy bears. Really, they have more in common with actual bears. Like bears, they have 44 teeth — more than other domesticated dogs — which makes them capable of entrapping some serious prey in their jaws. With considerable grooming and training, the Chow Chow will become a devoted, if opinionated, companion for experienced owners.
Chow Chows are independent dogs. They are often aloof with people, but they are loyal to their owners and they tend to be extremely protective. Intelligent but stubborn, the Chow Chow will become affectionate and obedient with his family, but he will require some training to become a polite companion. They can be aggressive with other dogs and territorial, especially of their family. It is critical to socialize the young Chow Chow so that he becomes accustomed to sharing his family and his space, and so that he becomes used to being around other dogs and people. These guard dogs are known to become easily annoyed and bit if they are provoked. You're going to have to train this guy to obey your commands and see you as the dominant force in the house. Otherwise, he will immediately become the alpha dog.
Chow Chows are not overwhelmingly active dogs. They will be content to relax indoors, but they will also become lethargic and cranky without exercise. A daily walk with their owners is best.
Chow Chows are famous for their huge puffy coats. They are available in rough and smooth varieties, but each has a coarse outer coat with a dense, abundant under coat. Rough coated Chow Chows have a heavy neck ruff that makes them look a little lion-like. Their coat stands off the body and gives them the characteristic Chow Chow appearance. Smooth Chow Chows have a hard, smooth coat that is not as puffy. Chow Chows come in red, black, cinnamon, cream and blue, but the red color is by far the most popular. Their unusual tongues darken as they age into a rich blue-black color.
Looking this beautiful requires some hard work. Chow Chows need brushing nearly every day with a large slicker brush, a pin brush and a metal comb to prevent mats. Use the slicker brush to thoroughly brush your Chow Chow's legs. Start brushing at the base of the Chow Chow's body coat with a pin brush and brush all the way down to the skin. When your Chow Chow sheds (significantly about twice a year) you will have to use the metal comb or a shedding blade to remove dead hair and prevent it from getting stuck in the coat. Make sure never to brush a dry coat — spray his coat with a spray bottle before any brushing.
With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.
Heavy coated dogs should be bathed about once every three months. Their coats are naturally oily and repellent, so they don't tend to develop an odor, but if they track their coat through the mud, they may need to be bathed more frequently. The coat should end up fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry. Their heavy coat should be fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair.
Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.
Dogs with heavy coats generally require routine trimming around the face, ears, feet and behind to help them stay comfortable. You do not need to clip or trim the body hair because it acts as insulation for your dog in cold weather and helps cool him off in warm weather. It’s a good idea to take your dog for a short walk to calm him down before you groom him. Thoroughly brush the coat to remove any tangles and mats. Use trimmers to trim excess fur off the dog's body, choosing the appropriate clip attachment to achieve desired length. Trim around the tail, paws, sanitary areas and chest, if needed. Groom the head and face last, being watchful for sudden movement. Trim with the flow of the fur, away from the eyes and nose.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Small dogs, like Pomeranians, and dogs with extremely profuse coats, like Newfoundlands, American Eskimo Dogs and Keeshonds, have ears that need to be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. Small dogs like Pomeranians and Pekingese, and dogs with white coats like American Eskimo Dogs and Samoyeds, are prone to developing tear stains around their eyes, so clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.