Canaan Dogs are one of the most ancient dog breeds. Early records of their domesticated lifestyles are thought to be one of the first examples of dogs expressing a desire to live with a family and interact with humans, which makes them one of the modern dog's latest link with wolves. Today, their lithe, athletic body and square proportions hint at their ancient heritage. They stand between 19 and 24 inches tall and weigh between 35 and 55 pounds.
Canaan Dogs are a natural, ancient dog breed who have adapted well to domesticated life, where they make loyal, attentive and gentle companions for owners who do not mind a dog who sometimes follows his instincts and sometimes needs plenty of affection and reinforcement.
Canaan Dogs are aloof and skeptical around strangers, but inquisitive, trusting and affectionate around their family. Originally used to guard and herd flocks of cattle and sheep in the Middle East, these dogs retain most of the protective, watchful instincts. They enjoy watching over their families, to whom they become closely bonded and loyally protective.
They are responsive to their owners and as a result, they can be quick to learn commands. They tend to respond positively to training that is motivational and gentle, because they can get confused by harsh training and sensitive to unfair treatment. Canaan Dogs should frequently be socialized with other dogs and new people because they can be fearful of situations they do not recognize. They should not be aggressive around people, but they can be aggressive around other dogs if they are not taught to socialize politely. Canaan Dogs are agile, quick runners who enjoy jogging and exercising outdoors.
Canaan Dogs are white and black or sandy to red brown with white markings, or mostly white with similarly colored markings. Some are solid without any white trim, but those with white trim or patches generally have white markings around their feet, muzzle and tail tips. Those with colored markings should have symmetrical markings on their face. Dogs in the wild appear in a variety of colors They have a double coat to protect them from temperature extremes in their desert homeland. The outer coat is a straight, harsh coat that lies flat against the body except for a ruff around the neck and throughout the bushy tail. The under coat is plush and softer. It varies in thickness depending on the climate in which the Canaan Dog must live.
Weekly brushing with a stiff bristle brush will help the coat maintain its texture and stay tidy as it sheds. Twice a year, depending on the climate in which your Canaan Dog lives, he will blow his coat. During this time, the hair comes out in clumps. Canaans should be brushed more frequently while they are molting, and during this time, they might also need to be bathed or hosed off to remove hair.
Canaan Dogs do not need to be bathed frequently because they do not develop a dog odor and they try to keep themselves clean after outdoor play.
Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.
Most dogs with short coats generally require occasional trims and tidying up in areas of excessive hair growth with trimmers or blunt scissors. It's always wise to take a dog for a short walk or exercise to calm them down before trimming. Remember to brush the coat first to remove tangles and mats. Use a trimmer or a scissors to even out areas around the tail, paws, sanitary areas and chest, as needed. When finished, the coat should lay flat and smooth against the body of most short-haired dogs.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Eyes / Ears
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Some short-coated dogs, like hounds and mastiffs, have large, sensitive ears that should be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. If you have a small dog, like an Pug, take special care to clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes to make sure they are comfortable. Dogs with facial wrinkles, like Pugs and Dogues de Bordeaux, be wiped down at least weekly to prevent infection.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.