Bulldogs have developed a loyal following because of their wrinkly faces, which make them look like they're always just a little bit frustrated. They are squat, substantial dogs who weigh between 40 and 50 pounds, but only stand 14 to 17 inches tall. Bulldogs make comical, involved companions for families who are looking to be amused by a short dog with a big personality. They have some special needs and healthcare concerns, so they require a caring family who will spend plenty of time supervising their activity level and helping them stay healthy.
Bulldogs make excellent family pets because they respond so well to their families' activity levels. They enjoy the company of children and tend to goof around or show off for their owners. Bulldogs are charming and laid-back, especially when they are hanging around indoors with their owners. They don't need a lot of activity to be happy. In fact, their short faces and pushed-in noses make it hard for them to breathe, so vigorous exercise is really a challenge. They do appreciate a short walk or a quick romp around the yard with children or other pets. Many Bulldog owners find the snorting and wheezing noises Bulldogs make to be endearing, but pay close attention to your dog to make sure they do not wheeze so much that they are uncomfortable, because that is a good sign that they're over heating.
Bulldogs are sensitive. They care quite a bit about their owners' feelings and as a result, they are responsive to their owner's voice. Still, they are stubborn and hesitant to over-exert themselves, which can make training challenging if the Bulldog does not learn the importance of obeying at a young age. Bulldogs are always eager to work for food or praise, so reward-based training is a successful method.
The Bulldog has a short, smooth coat that lies flat and close to the body. Their coats are brindle, white, red or fawn or a combination of any of those colors against a white background (called piebald). Bulldogs are characterized by the loose skin around their head, neck and shoulders that forms a dewlap around their neck. Bulldogs have a fair amount of health concerns because of their brachycephalic skulls, which means they have some difficulty breathing, moving and supporting themselves. Monitor your Bulldog's activity level and food intake to make sure they do not become too heavy to carry themselves.
Bulldogs shed occasionally, so brush them with a small bristle brush to reduce the amount of hair they lose during shedding.
Of course, the Bulldog will need lots of tender care to keep his face wrinkles clean. Wash them with a damp cloth and make sure to dry them off afterwards to prevent infections
Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.
Dogs with smooth coats generally only require trims and tidying up in areas of excessive hair growth using a trimmer or blunt scissors. It's always wise to take a dog for a short walk or exercise to calm them down before trimming. Remember to brush the coat first to remove any tangles and mats. Don't forget to trim around the paws, pads, tail, chest and sanitary areas, as needed. The coat should lay flat and smooth against the body when finished.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Eyes / Ears
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Some smooth-coated dogs, like Basenjis and Boxers, and dogs with large ears, like Weimaraners and Great Danes, have sensitive ears that should be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. If you have a small dog, like an Italian Greyhound, take special care to clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes to make sure they are comfortable. Dogs with facial wrinkles, like French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers, should have their faces wiped down at least weekly to prevent infection.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.