Sealyham Terrier

  • Overview

    These proud, alert little terriers are known for their bushy eyebrows and facial hair. Sealyham Terriers can be mellow and relaxed with their owners, but they love to goof around and receive attention for their antics.

    The Sealyham Terrier has a humorously determined carriage and long facial hair that gives him a serious appearance. These dogs love spending quality quiet time with their owners and can make wonderful indoor pets for a less active household.

    View Grooming Diagram for sealyham terrier
  • Personality

    These spirited little dogs have a reputation for being calmer than most terriers, but they still possess some typical terrier traits. They are feisty, and they can be aggressive with strange dogs. They love to bark, but their bark is much worse than their bite. Sealyhams are very loyal and maintain a pack mentality with their families and dogs in their home. They will not busy themselves indoors like most terriers. Instead, they enjoy resting or cuddling with their owners. These terriers have small legs and they do not need very much exercise, but they love to play and explore outside. However, Sealyhams are perfectly content to lounge indoors and can adapt to life without outside play as long as they are walked frequently. Like all terriers, they will resort to digging, barking and following a scent if they are left alone for too long.

    Sealyham Terriers can become independently willful if they are often indulged as puppies. They will best be able to display their good qualities with firm, consistent training from a young age. They love receiving positive reinforcement, and when they do, they will often enjoy showing off for a crowd.

  • Coat Care

    Sealyham Terriers have a weather-resistant white coat. Some have yellow-white or lemon markings around their face and ears. Their double coats are made up of a dense, soft under coat and a hard, wiry over coat. The coats are often slightly wavy and have a soft appearance even though they are hard to the touch. The hair around the face and mouth is much longer than the body hair. The Sealyham's coat gives him his distinctive, bearded shape, and it will require some careful brushing and shaping to maintain the look.

Brushing

Sealyham Terriers have bushy eyebrows, moustaches and beards, which need to be trimmed and brushed so the hair retains its white color and does not develop a harsh texture.

Bathing

With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.

The general rule of thumb for dog bathing is every three months but wire-coated dogs can be done with greater frequency, often within a four-to-six week range. The coat should end up fresh smelling, shiny, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry. The coat should be fresh smelling, with no loose or shedding hair.

Hair Clipping

Some owners choose to clip their Sealyham Terriers at home, which helps their coats become much softer and easier to brush, but it also encourages more frequent shedding. If they are not clipped regularly, Sealyham Terriers must be hand-stripped and have their dead hairs plucked out to maintain the coat's desired hard texture.

Nails

Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.

Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience.  As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.

You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.

Eyes / Ears

Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.

It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Wire coated dogs have sensitive ears covered in hair that  need to be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. West Highland Terriers and other small terriers with white coats are prone to developing tear stains around the eyes, so clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes.

Teeth

Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.

Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.