The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed. Today, they are the national dog of Malta, their indigenous homeland. Despite their name, they have no conclusive links with Egypt, even though they resemble the dogs depicted in many ancient Egyptian tombs. These dogs are tall and lithe, standing about 21 to 25 inches tall and weighing between 40 and 60 pounds.
The Pharaoh Hound is a noble dog with delicate emotions who will enjoy living in a thoughtful family with plenty of time to train and socialize their dog. He will prefer living in a family who can spend plenty of time praising him and showering him with affection.
Pharaoh Hounds are naturally well-behaved and generally enjoy pleasing their owners, but they are independent dogs who might not always come when they are called, especially if they are following their nose. They were bred to work independently instead of alongside their owners, so they will have to be responsive. They are friendly and calm indoors, where they will not be incredibly active. Outdoors, they are fast and busy. Pharaoh Hounds will appreciate being able to run in a fenced in yard, but always while supervised, because they are fast enough to escape quickly.
Pharaoh Hounds can be timid around new dogs and people, but they aren't naturally aggressive. They are actually just shy, and they will benefit from frequent socialization. These dogs are very receptive to stress and sensitive to changes in their environment, so exposing them to new situations will help them become well-adjusted dogs who are free of anxiety. In fact, these dogs are so sensitive to their environment that they are known to blush when they are excited or happy. Pharaoh Hounds are hounds, after all, and as a result, they're barkers. They will bark recreationally, and they become especially vocal when left alone for extended periods of time.
Pharaoh Hounds have short, glossy coats that fit close to the body. The coat is usually shades of tan, from a light tan to chestnut. Some Pharaoh Hounds have white patches on their chest, and some have a white-tipped tail, which is highly prized. The chest and tail are the only areas where the coloring can vary from tan.
The Pharaoh Hound's short, sleek coat does not need extensive grooming, but it does shed. To prevent hair from becoming trapped in his coat or from being tracked around the house, brush your Pharaoh Hound with a rubber curry brush. These dogs also have sensitive skin, so brushing will help distribute natural oils throughout the coat and keep it shiny and healthy.
With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.
Smooth coated breeds adhere to the general rule of dog bathing: about once every three months. The coat should end up fresh smelling, shiny, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry. Wipe wrinkled breeds with a soft cloth and make sure they are totally dry after bathing.
Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.
Dogs with smooth coats generally only require trims and tidying up in areas of excessive hair growth using a trimmer or blunt scissors. It's always wise to take a dog for a short walk or exercise to calm them down before trimming. Remember to brush the coat first to remove any tangles and mats. Don't forget to trim around the paws, pads, tail, chest and sanitary areas, as needed. The coat should lay flat and smooth against the body when finished.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Some smooth-coated dogs, like Basenjis and Boxers, and dogs with large ears, like Weimaraners and Great Danes, have sensitive ears that should be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. If you have a small dog, like an Italian Greyhound, take special care to clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes to make sure they are comfortable. Dogs with facial wrinkles, like French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers, should have their faces wiped down at least weekly to prevent infection.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.