Cavachons are a cross between a Bichon Frise and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, which creates an adorable, gentle dog with the distinctive, beautiful and low-shedding coat for which they’re bred.
Cavachons are more outgoing, eager to please and affectionate like the Bichon Frise They’re known as sensitive dogs, which means that training should focus on positive behaviors. Owners should be sensitive to Cavachon’s fear issues, taking care to introduce them to new people and places at an early age to keep their little dogs from becoming timid.
A curly, silky coat with little dander and infrequent shedding is one of the Cavachon’s most attractive features. The soft, curly coat is one of the features that Cavachons are specifically bred for, so most owners look for first generation crosses, who shed less and have silkier coats. Their long floppy ears and large, friendly eyes combine some of the favorite attributes of their parent breeds to make the Cavachon an especially adorable hybrid breed. Cavachons can be spotted in a variety of colors, but they usually have the Bichon’s creamy or white base coat with light tan, sable or apricot splotches around their bodies, ears and face.
Cavachons are a mix of two extremely hairy dogs, and they’re bred for their unique coat, which means they need a lot of attention to stay looking their best. The constantly growing Cavalier coat and high-maintenance Bichon coat requires frequent brushing – at least once every other day – to retain its texture and keep shedding to a minimum.
Just like Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, the Cavachon’s silky drop ears are prone to infection and can collect dirt, so their ears will require special attention during grooming and extra washing in between baths.
Cavachons’ low-shedding coats need to be trimmed about once a month, especially around the feet, ears and face.
Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience. As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.
Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.
It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Small dogs, like Dachshunds, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Papillions and Japanese Chins, and dogs with hanging ears like the Saluki, have sensitive ears that need to be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face. Small dogs like Papillions and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are prone to developing tear stains around their eyes, so clean around their eyes with a cotton ball or soft cloth and use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around their eyes.
Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.
Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.